A Medical Perspective to the Brain


A Medical Perspective to the Brain and Nervous System

Adult Neurology is an area of medicine that treats adolescents from age 16 years to adult patients.

Adult Neurologists diagnose and treat problems involving the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles. Adult Neurologists are both trained in general medicine and Neurology.

Common Neurological problems are:

  • Abnormal behaviour
  • Difficulties with memory
  • Epilepsy
  • Headache
  • Involuntary movements
  • Migraine
  • Muscle spasms
  • Seizures
  • Weakness of limbs or face

Neurological Tests:

The Neurologist will take a history and perform a Neurological examination. At times, the Neurologist will also examine the heart, skin and other parts of the body. Neurologists often refer for an MRI or CT scan of the brain, an EEG (trace of brain activity) or nerve testing (nerve conduction studies). Sometimes more comprehensive tests are considered. If these tests are needed, the Neurologist will explain them to you in detail and why the testing would be of benefit to you.

Neurological treatment:

This can be lifestyle adjustments, medication, physiotherapy or speech pathology.

Dr Patricia Caruana offers Botox treatment, if required, and is often used for refractory (chronic) migraines or persistent and difficult to treat involuntary movements.

Dr Patricia Caruana also offers Botox injections for excessive underarm sweating.

Please note: Eligibility criteria applies to Botox injections.


Dr Patricia Caruana

MD (Medicine), General Neurologist, Fellow of the Royal Australian & New Zealand College of Physicians, Member of American Association of Neurology, Member of the Australasian… Read More… What is the difference between a psychiatrist and psychologist?

A Psychiatrist is a medical doctor who is able to prescribe medication for mental health difficulties. A referral from a GP is needed to see a psychiatrist. Psychologists on the other hand, provide long-term therapy and counselling. Often the psychologists and psychiatrists work very closely together.

What is the process for booking in to see a psychiatrist/psychologist – Do I need a referall?

Psychiatry: You need to see your GP for a referral to one of our psychiatrists (we try to gauge what the concerns are and suggest the names of applicable clinicians). Once we receive the referral it is reviewed by the clinician to ensure it meets the intake criteria. Once we receive the referral back from the clinician the relevant receptionist will contact you to book an appointment. (Also explain fees and next available etc).

Psychology: You don’t need a referral to see a psychologist at EDUCARE. Commence enquiry and book initial appointment.

What is the main area of work covered by Paediatricians?

Paediatricians see patients from birth to 18-years-of-age. They assess and treat sickness and developmental difficulties among children and adolescents. A referral from a GP is needed to see a Paediatrician and so you would need to discuss such a need with your GP.

Which service should I see first (psychologist/paediatrician), I need my child assessed.

Suggest that you speak to the GP regarding your concerns and your GP will advise accordingly.